This text explains Sushruta Samhita Sutrasthana Chapter 36 “Bhumi Pravibhageeya Adhyaya” – Classification of land area.
Bhumi Pravibhageeya Adhyaya
Classification of land area
अथातो भूमिप्रविभागीयमध्यायं व्याख्यास्यामः ||१||
यथोवाच भगवान् धन्वन्तरिः ||२||
We’ll now expound the chapter by identify Bhumi Pravibhageeya – classification of land areas, as revealed by the venerable Dhanvantari.
Learn – Lord Dhanwantari ‘The God of Ayurveda’
Samanya bhumi pariksha
Basic examination of land
श्वभ्रशर्कराश्मविशमवल्मीकश्मशानाघातनदेवतायतनसिकताभिरनुपहतामनूषरामभङ्गुरामदूरोदकां स्निग्धां प्ररोहवतीं मृद्वीं स्थिरां समां कृष्णां गौरीं लोहितां वा भूमिमौषधग्रहणाय परीक्षेत। तस्यां जातमपि कृमिविषशस्त्रातपपवनदहनतोयसंबाधमार्गौरनुपहतमेकरसं पुष्टं पृथ्ववगाढमुलमूदीच्यां चौषधमाददीतेत्येष भूमिपरीक्षाविशेषः सामान्यः ॥३॥
For the aim of accumulating herbs and medicines, the land area ought to be examined first usually.
The land which is having the beneath talked about qualities ought to be looked for rising (and later accumulating) the medicinal herbs. The land ought to –
- not be bothered, (broken) by the presence of burrows, potsherd, stones,
- not be uneven (ups and downs),
- not have ant-hills, locations of cremation and slaughtering, temples, and sand dunes (in or round it);
- not be alkaline,
- not be fragile;
- have the water not too distant or too deep when the bottom is dug (has steady flowing water close by),
- be unctuous,
- have sprouts of crops;
- have comfortable soil,
- be secure and even (uniform),
- be black, white or pink in coloration,
The herbs (medicinal crops) grown within the land having the above mentioned qualities ought to
- not be infested by bugs,
- not be broken by poison, sharp weapons, daylight, breeze, hearth, water (rain) and roads;
- have one greatest style (predominantly)
- be effectively nourished / grown (stout)
- have its roots thick and deep rooted and spreading northwards
One ought to accumulate such crops by sitting going through north. That is the final methodology of examination of the land.
5 sorts of lands
विशेषतस्तु तत्र, अश्मवती स्थिरा गुर्वी श्यामा कृष्णा वा स्थूलवृक्षशस्यप्राया स्वगुणभूयिष्ठा; स्निग्धा शीतलाऽऽसन्नोदका स्निग्धशस्यतृणकोमलवृक्षप्राया शुक्लाऽम्बुगुणभूयिष्ठा; नानावर्णा लघ्वश्मवती प्रविरलाल्पपाण्डुवृक्षप्ररोहाऽग्निगुणभूयिष्ठा; रूक्षा भस्मरासभवर्णा तनुवृक्षाल्परसकोटरवृक्षप्रायाऽनिलगुणभूयिष्ठा; मृद्वी समा श्वभ्रवत्यव्यक्तरसजला सर्वतोऽसारवृक्षा महापर्वतवृक्षप्राया श्यामा चाकाशगुणभूयिष्ठा ||४||
- To be extra particular right here (concerning options of land);
- The land which is rocky, secure, heavy, bluish black or black, with extra huge bushes and crops may have the parthiva qualities – options of the earth.
- The land which is unctuous (sticky), chilly, with water close by (have the water not too distant or too deep when the bottom is dug), with extra of unctuous (juicy) crops, grass, tender bushes, soil being white in coloration, may have ambu gunas – i.e., options of water predominantly.
- The land which has extra of small rocks, of many colours, small white bushes, crops and sprouts; rising sparsely (with a lot area between one and the opposite) will likely be predominant in agni guna i.e., the land will likely be predominant with qualities of fireside.
- The land which is dry, have the colour of ash or a donkey, may have loads of small dry crops with tree holes (hollows within the crops) with much less of juices is predominant in anila guna i.e., qualities of air.
- The land which has comfortable soil, even, pits (depressions) within the floor, juice of crops and water being not tasty, sapless bushes rising throughout, with extra of giant mountains and bushes and blue-black soil is the land with predominance of akasha gunas i.e., qualities of the sky.
Aushadhi sangrahana Kala
Time (season) of assortment of herbs
प्रावृड्वर्षाशरद्धेमन्तवसन्तग्रीष्मेषु यथासङ्ख्यं मूलपत्रत्वक्क्षीरसारफलान्याददीतेति;
तत्तु न सम्यक्, सौम्याग्नेयत्वाज्जगतः |
सौम्यान्यौषधानि सौम्येष्वृतुष्वाददीत, आग्नेयान्याग्नेयेषु;
एवमव्यापन्नगुणानि भवन्ति |
सौम्यान्यौषध्मनि सौम्येष्वृतुषु गृहीतानि सोमगुणभूयिष्ठायां भूमौ जातान्यतिमधुरस्निग्धशीतानि जायन्ते |
एतेन शेषं व्याख्यातम् ||५||
Right here in (on this subject) some authorities say – roots, leaves, barks, milk (sap), pith and fruits ought to be collected in seasons comparable to Pravrt (early wet), Varsa (wet), Sarart (autumn), Hemanta (early winter), Vasanta (Spring) and Grisma (summer season) respectively.
This isn’t appropriate, for the reason that entire world is predominantly saumya (chilly just like the moon in qualities and delicate in properties) and Agneya (hearth, sizzling in qualities and powerful in properties). Therefore medication that are chilly in qualities ought to be collected throughout chilly seasons and medicines that are sizzling in qualities ought to be collected in sizzling seasons. Then their qualities will likely be non-vitiated (regular, common).
Herbs and medicines possessing chilly properties, collected throughout chilly seasons, in lands that are predominantly chilly in options, will likely be sweeter in style, unctuous and chilly.
On this method the remaining one (Agneya) can be described.
Learn – Ritucharya – Ayurvedic Seasonal Routine – third Chapter – Ashtang Hriday
Assortment of purgative and emetic medication
तत्र पृथिव्यम्बुगुणभूयिष्ठायां भूमौ जातानि विरेचनद्रव्याण्याददीत, अग्न्याकाशमारुतगुणभूयिष्ठायां वमनद्रव्याणि, उभयगुणभूयिष्ठायामुभयतोभागानि, आकाशगुणभूयिष्ठायां संशमनानि,
एवं बलवत्तराणि भवन्ति ||६||
Purgative medication ought to be collected from land areas possessing qualities of Prthvi and Ambu.
Emetic medication from land areas with qualities of agni, Aksasa and Maruta.
Medication performing in each methods (purgative and emetic) ought to be collected from lands having each qualities.
Palliative medication ought to be collected from lands which possess qualities of Akasa.
Collected on this method the medication will likely be stronger (potent).
Learn – Vamana Virechana – Emesis and Purgation – Ashtanga Hridayam Sutrasthana 18
Abhinava Aushadha – Contemporary medication
सर्वाण्येव चाभिनवानि, अन्यत्र मधुघृतगुडपिप्पलीविडङ्गेभ्यः ||७||
All of the medication collected ought to be recent, besides Honey, ghee, Jaggery, Pippali (Piper longum) and Vidanga (Embelia ribes).
Medication / Herbs that are useful regardless of not being recent
विडङ्गं पिप्पली क्षौद्रं सर्पिश्चाप्यनवं हितम् |
शेषमन्यत्वभिनवं गृह्णीयाद्दोषवर्जितम् ||८||
Vidanga (Embelia ribes), Pippali (Piper longum), Honey and Ghee – which aren’t recent (outdated) are useful; whereas all of the remaining ought to be recent however with out blemishes.
Herbs with sap
सर्वाण्येव सक्षीराणि वीर्यवन्ति; तेषामसम्पत्तावतिक्रान्तसंवत्सराण्याददीतेति ||९||
All herbs having their sap will likely be stronger. When such herbs should not out there, then these which aren’t multiple yr outdated ought to be made use of for therapy.
Bheshaja Vyakti – Paraphysicians
गोपालास्तापसा व्याधा ये चान्ये वनचारिणः |
मूलाहाराश्च ये तेभ्यो भेषजव्यक्तिरिष्यते ||१०||
Cowherbs, ascetics, hunters, tribals and such others who roam within the forests for accumulating roots (herbs) are referred to as as Bheshaja Vyakti – individuals akin to physicians /para-physicians.
Proper time of assortment of herbs whose all components are utilized in preparation of medicines
सर्वावयवसाध्येषु पलाशलवणादिषु |
व्यवस्थितो न कालोऽस्ति तत्र सर्वो विधीयते ||११||
For assortment of herbs utilized in all its components (all components of bushes or crops are utilized in preparation of medicines) as in Palasa Lavana and so on. (talked about as patralavana, Kanda lavana and so on. within the therapy of Vata Vyadhi chap. 4 of Chikitsa Sthana) there isn’t a particular time (seasons) and all seasons are appropriate.
Learn – Vata Issues (Vatavyadhi): Definition, Causes, Signs
Sorts of land in response to their odor, coloration and tastes
गन्धवर्णरसोपेता षडिवधा भूमिरिष्यते ।
तस्माद्धमिस्वभावेन बीजिनः षड्रसायुताः ॥१२॥
Lands possessing odor, coloration and tastes prominently are of six sorts. Bushes / crops are endowed with six tastes, in response to the character of the land.
How does style get manifested in water?
अव्यक्तः किल तोयस्य रसो निश्चयनिश्चितः |
रसः स एव चाव्यक्तो व्यक्तो भूमिरसाद्भवेत् ||१३||
It has been determined that the style of water is un-manifest (tasteless). The identical un-manifest style will get manifest after combining with the style of the land (soil).
Learn – Six Tastes Of Ayurveda: Qualities, Advantages, Therapeutic Motion (Shad Rasa)
सर्वलक्षणसम्पन्ना भूमिः साधारणा स्मृता |
द्रव्याणि यत्र तत्रैव तद्गुणानि विशेषतः ||१४||
The land having the options of every kind (of lands) is named Sadharana desa (reasonable/ temperate area). Herbs belonging to such lands possess the identical qualities of the land particularly.
Medication match to be used
विगन्धेनापरामृष्टमविपन्नं रसादिभिः |
नवं द्रव्यं पुराणं वा ग्राह्यमेवं विनिर्दिशेत् ||१५||
That drug whether or not recent or outdated which doesn’t have an uncommon odor, style and so on. (aside from its regular ones) may be thought-about appropriate to be used.
Assortment of animal merchandise
जङ्गमानां वयःस्थानां रक्तरोमनखादिकम् |
क्षीरमूत्रपुरीषाणि जीर्णाहारेषु संहरेत् ||१६||
Animal merchandise comparable to blood, physique hairs, nails, and so on ought to be obtained from animals of center age. Milk, urine and excreta ought to be obtained (collected) after the digestion of meals (consumed by animals).
Learn – Assortment And Preservation Of Ayurvedic Herbs
Bheshajagara – drug retailer
प्रशस्तायां दिशि शुचौ भेषजागारमिष्यते ||१७||
It’s described to assemble a drug retailer in an auspicious path and clear place; and medicines saved (coated or sure) in sheets of material, positioned inside earthen pots organized on picket planks or hung by hooks.
इति श्रीसुश्रुतसंहितायां सूत्रस्थाने भूमिप्रविभागीयो नाम षट्त्रिं शोध्यायः ॥३६॥
Thus ends the Thirty-seven chapter by identify Bhumi Pravibhageeya, in Sutra sthana of Sushruta samhita.