Barley (Hordeum vulgare) – Qualities, Makes use of, Treatments, Analysis

Barley (Hordeum vulgare) – Qualities, Makes use of, Treatments, Analysis


By Dr Renita D’Souza
Barley is a well-known dietary cereal included in eating regimen. In Ayurveda, Barley is understood by the identify Yava and included underneath day by day really useful eating regimen.

It’s extensively recognized for its scarping motion (Lekana Karma) and therefore indicated in Weight problems to take away additional fats. Barley is one of the best eating regimen in diabetic sufferers. It immediately nourishes the physique. Historically used within the remedy of weight problems, diabetes, urinary tract infections, respiratory issues, digestive issues and so forth.
Learn – Efficient Weight problems Remedy, Treatments And Ayurveda Suggestions

Ayurvedic house cures

Conventional Treatments of Barley

  • Barley is dry roasted and grinded to a tremendous flour. That is generally known as as Sattu in India. The sattu taken within the type of gruel is used to deal with Indigestion.
  • Decoction ready with 2 grains of barley, stem of bark of Kutaja (Holarrhena antidysentrica) and black pepper is used to deal with Malaria. It’s given within the dose of two teaspoon twice a day for seven days. This treatment is utilized in Sonbhadra district of Uttar Pradesh.
  • Flowers used orally and fruits intravaginally utilized by females for contraception.
  • Dried fruit decoction is used to deal with diabetes, diarrhea, respiratory infections and urinary tract infections.
  • Externally the decoction of dried seed utilized on hemorrhoids and contaminated ulcers act as emollient. Orally it used as treatment in diarrhea, hepatitis, scorbutism, nephritis, irritation of urinary bladder, gout and Gout. It’s used as diuretic and antipyretic.
  • For internasal irritation the decoction of dried seed is utilized on nostril.
  • Boiled seeds compression used to alleviate joint ache.
  • Dried seed infusion is used to extend the breast milk manufacturing. Additionally it is used as treatment in dysentery, diarrhea, stomach colic and different gastrointestinal issues.
  • Sizzling water extract of total dried barley plant is used orally to deal with beriberi, cough, influenza, measles, syphilis, nephritis, jaundice, dysentery and hookworm an infection of the small gut. It acts as diuretic.
  • In infants sizzling water extract of dried barley plant is utilized in fungal an infection of mouth (thrush).
  • Externally the extract of dried plant is used to deal with prickly warmth.
    Learn – High quality Of Meals – Astanga Hridaya Sutrasthana 6 – Annaswaroopa

Barley Sattu

Barley is dry roasted and grinded to a tremendous flour. That is generally known as as Sattu in India. The sattu taken within the type of gruel is used to deal with Indigestion.
Sattu is nice to decrease ldl cholesterol, shed extra pounds
It’s helpful in diabetes, as its glycemic index is decrease than rice.
Glycemic index of boiled Rice is 73 +/- 4
Glycemic index of barley is 28+/-2 (reference)

Barley Sattu is helpful in controlling starvation, therefore useful in weight reduction remedy.

How one can use Sattu?
Sattu is used for getting ready Paratha, Chapati, pancake, laddu, upma, and so forth.

Vernacular names

Botanical identify – Hordeum vulgare
Household – Gramineae

Names in Completely different Languages
Sanskrit Title – Yava
English Title – Barley
Hindi Title – Java, Jo, Jau
Marathi Title – Java, Cevad, Jav, Satu
Kannada Title – Javegodhi
Tamil Title – Baali arisi, Barliyarishi
Telugu Title – Yava dhanya, Barlibiyam, Dhanyabhedam, Pachchayava, Yava
Bengali Title – Jaba, Jau, Jav
Gujarati Title – Cheno, Jau
Malayalam Title – Javegambu
Punjabi Title – Javo, Jawa, Nai

Medicinal qualities

Medicinal Qualities of Yava
Style – astringent (kashaya), candy (madhura)
Vipaka (submit digestion style) – Pungent (katu)
Efficiency – chilly
Guru – heavy for digestion
Lekhana – has scraping impact
Mrudu – tender
Ruksha – dry
Sara – will increase the intestinal motion
Pichila – slimy
Medha vardhana – will increase intelligence
Agni vardhana – improves digestive fireplace
Anabhishyandi – doesn’t trigger block
Swarya – improves voice
Balakaro – improves the bodily energy
Bahuvatamalo – will increase vata and excreta
Varna stairyakari – maintains the pores and skin complexion
Vrishya – aphrodisiac
Stairyakaro – stabilizes the physique
Learn – Ayurveda Mahodadhi: Legumes Inexperienced Gram, Chickpea, Peas

Properties as per Bhojana Kutuhala

In keeping with Bhojana Kutuhala third chapter, Barley is dry and chilly in nature, heavy to digest and candy in style.It’s laxative and will increase bulk of the stool,aggravates vata, it’s aphrodisiac, imparts firmness and relives illnesses associated to urinary issues and medodathu and cures illnesses brought on by vitiation of pitta and kapha. It additionally cures operating nostril, dyspnoea, cough, stiffness of thighs, illnesses of neck and pores and skin.

Treatments for Bloating, Joint Ache, Diarrhea

Barley Residence Treatments: Bloating, Joint Ache, Diarrhea – By Dr MS Krishnamurthy

Few of its easy and efficient recipes are defined right here below-
1. Fried barley gruel for indigestion and diarrhea:
Good number of barley is taken and fried a little bit. That is cooked properly and gruel is made (skinny porridge).
In instances of extreme diarrhea, the supernatant a part of the gruel is run by including little salt. Or the entire gruel is given after macerating it.  This serves as a nutrient and coolant.

2. Barley water for distention of stomach and gastric regurgitation and bloating of stomach:
De-husked barley is taken and cooked properly with water. To this little salt or soda carb and lemon juice (or ginger powder) are added and blended properly. That is administered within the dose of 50-80 twice day by day. This relieves gastric disturbances and distention of stomach.

3. Buttermilk or curd cooked barley for repeated gastric disturbances and regurgitation:
A fist filled with barley, 200 ml of buttermilk or 100 ml of curd and 200 ml of water are taken and cooked properly. 
Or cooked barley is added to the buttermilk or curd and boiled a little bit.
As per style and want, salt or pepper powder may be added. That is served together with meals.

4. Tremendous paste of barley for muscular ache and joint ache:
De-husked barley powder is taken and dough is made by mixing with lemon juice or bitter buttermilk. That is warmed a little bit and utilized over the world of the muscular pains (deep) and joints. This reduces the ache in 3-4 days.

Barley water is taken into account to be a standard man’s low cost and scrumptious gruel. It offers energy and retains him cool. Additionally, as it’s simply digestible it’s indicated in many of the ill-health situations. There’s a must popularize such millets and grains with its acceptable well being advantages. In future, organically cultivated barley can have massive market worldwide.

Sanskrit Verses from Nighantu

Conventional makes use of

Therapeutic Makes use of of Barley
Kanta aamaya – illnesses associated to throat
Ailments associated to kapha and pitta doshas
Ailments associated to Fats
Pinasa – operating nostril
Shwasa – bronchial asthma
Kasa – cough
Urusthambha – stiffness of thigh
Ailments associated to blood
Trit – extra thirst
Prameha – diabetes
Sthula vilekhana – Scrapes the surplus fats in weight problems
Ruja – ache

Sodala Nighantu Shloka

Utilization in diabetes

Barley makes use of In Diabetes (prameha)
Reference – Charaka Samhitha sixth chapter

  • Ayurveda science considers Barley as a useful eating regimen particularly in Prameha (diabetes). Completely different recipes of barley are talked about to deal with Diabetes.
  • Barley preparations – Barley Powder, Barley Jam (avaleha), Yavaudana (cooked barley), Vatya (barley porridge ), Yava Saktu (roasted barley powder), Apoopa (Pancakes), Dhana (fried barely)
  • In diabetes of Kapha origin, Barley preparations is taken by mixing it with honey.
  • Nourishing Weight-reduction plan – Barley soaked in a single day in Triphala decoction is taken by mixing with honey. That is the nourishing eating regimen may be taken frequently to beat diabetes.
  • Barley soaked individually with every of the decoctions prescribed for the remedy of Kaphaja Prameha and brought by the Affected person in type of Saktu (Roasted flour), pancake, fried barely and different varieties of eatables together with jaggery.
  • Barley beforehand eaten by asses, horse, cows, swans and deer is collected from their Dung and given to the affected person affected by Prameha.
  • Individuals habitually taking roasted barley, dry corn-flour, inexperienced gram, and Indian gooseberry don’t undergo from Prameha, Leucoderma, drysuria and pores and skin illnesses brought on by Kapha.

Charaka Samhita Shloka

Interplay with medicines, dietary supplements

Can this be used whereas taking Homeopathic medication?
Sure. This product doesn’t react with homeopathic medication.

this medication be continued whereas taking dietary supplements like multivitamin tablets,
Omega 3 fatty acids and so forth?

Sure. Usually, this product goes properly with most
of the dietary dietary supplements. Nevertheless, if you’re taking a couple of product
per day, please seek the advice of your physician for an opinion.

With western
Search your
physician’s recommendation if you’re taking this product together with different western
(allopathic / fashionable) medicines. Some Ayurvedic herbs can work together with fashionable
If each Ayurvedic and allopathic medicines are suggested collectively, then it’s
finest to take Allopathic medication first, look ahead to half-hour after which take the
Ayurvedic medication.

Dietary worth, morphology

Dietary Worth of Barley
Carbohydrates 77.7 g, Sugars 0.8 g
Dietary fiber 15.6 g
Fats 1.2 g, Protein 9.9 g
Vitamin B1 0.2 mg (17%), Vitamin B2 0.1 mg (8%)
Vitamin B3 4.6 mg (31%) Vitamin B6 0.3 mg (23%)
Calcium 29.0 mg (3%), Iron 2.5 mg (19%)
Phosphorus 221 mg (32%), Zinc 2.1 mg

Morphology of Hordeum vulgare
Hordeum vulgare is an erect, annual grass rising as much as 1 meter tall. Leaves are linear- lanceolate in form, 15-25 cm lengthy. Stem cylindrical, and easy.
Learn – Rice Mixtures With Pulses, Greens, Grains, Soups

Barley sorts, Yavakshara

Yavakshara – It’s the alkali preparation made with Barley plant. Used to deal with urinary illnesses, stomach ache, bloating, and so forth 
Learn – Yavakshara Advantages, Dosage, Facet Results, Components, Reference

Kinds of Yava
Anuyava (small sized barley) is inferior in qualities to that of Yava. Venuyava (seeds of bamboo) is non- unctuous and sizzling in efficiency.

Analysis, chemistry, class

Barley as Dietary Weight-reduction plan – A evaluate article on Barley has concluded that barley may be included in predominant eating regimen as a consequence of its excessive dietary worth and may be good substitute of carbohydrate, protein, fibres and minerals in eating regimen.
Barley In Diabetes (Prameha) – A evaluate article about barley the illnesses particular eating regimen in Prameha have concluded that consumption of barley preparations in diabetes lowers the blood glucose degree.
Anti obesity – A analysis finished to guage the anti-obesity exercise of barley grass juice in excessive fats eating regimen induced mannequin have proved that barley grass juice is efficient in administration of weight problems.

Chemical constituents of Barley Plant
It incorporates p- coumaroylagmatine, hordenine and its spinoff, pyrrolidine, luteolin glycoside, flavones glycosides- orientoside and orientin, cynoglucosides-3- beta- D – glucopyranosyloxy- 2- methylpropene, 4 – beta – D – glucopyranosyloxy – 3- hydroxyl – 3- hydroxymethy- butyrobitrile.

Classical Categorization
Bhavaprakasha Nighantu – Dhanya Varga
Raja Nighantu – Shalyadi Varga
Dhanvantari Nighantu – Suvarnaadi Varga
Shodala Nighantu – Shukadhanya Varga
Kaiyadeva Nighantu – Dhanya varga

Ayurvedic medicines

Ayurvedic Medicines containing Yava as Ingredient
Prasoothika Kashayam – It is a perfect Ayurvedic tonic to revive energy in postpartum interval.
Sarivadi Vati – Utilized in ear illnesses, diabetes, bleeding illnesses, persistent respiratory illnesses, persistent fever, infertility remedy, epilepsy, alcoholism, and cardiac illnesses.
Ajamamsa Rasayanam – Utilized in vata issues like lack of energy, hemiplegia and so forth.
Agnitundi Vati – Utilized in indigestion and fever.
Dhanwantaram capsule – Utilized in vataroga, Neuro-muscular issues, Hemiplegia, Paraplegia, Quadriplegia, Losing issues together with phthisis and so forth.
Kolakulathadi Choornam –  Used for dry powder therapeutic massage (Udvartana) to scale back fats. Additionally used to steadiness Vata – to alleviate ache and irritation, in instances of paralysis, facial paralysis, rheumatoid arthritis and so forth
Agastya haritaki rasayana – Primarily utilized in bronchial asthma and different respiratory illness
Sarvamayanthaka Ghritam – Used within the remedy of gout, Parkinson’s illness, neck stiffness, locked jaw, paralysis, thigh cramps, muscle cramps, liver illnesses and so forth
Haritakyadi rasayanam – Utilized in bronchial asthma and consumption, hiccup, persistent fever, stomach tumor, bloating, malabsorption syndrome, Irritable Bowel Syndrome, piles, constipation, cardiopathy and so forth.
Cervilon Oil – Used within the remedy of numbness of the palms, giddiness, cervical spondylosis.
Gandharvahasthadi Thailam – Used within the remedy of  bloating, stomach ache, and so forth.
Zeotone Plus Comfortable Gel Capsule – Improves the functioning of joints by strengthening the bones and cartilages, prevents degeneration of cartilages, reduces irritation and so forth
Coolmelon Syrup – reduces the physique warmth and burning sensation.
Dhanvantaram Ghrita – Utilized in snehakarma for the remedy of edema, abscess, hemorrhoids, anemia, poisonous situations, diabetes and so forth
Spineact Capsule –  Used within the remedy of Legislation again ache and Lumbago illnesses
Proskin Capsule – used within the remedy of zits vulgaris and urticara.
Diucap Capsule – Will increase urine output with none pressure on the kidneys.
Dhanwantharam Thailam – Utilized in rheumatoid arthritis, osteo arthritis, spondylosis, headache and neuro-muscular situations.
Click on to Seek the advice of Dr Renita D’Souza

Oats and barley

Nowa-days oats can be bought within the identify of Jau. Oat and barley each belong to Poaceae household. As a result of each are used for weight reduction, low calorie eating regimen, most likely, the names are used interchangeably.
Oats calorie – 389.1 cal/100 grams
Barley calorie – 354 cal/100 grams
However between the 2, barley is medicinally superior.


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